The cars are fitted with an accident data recorder, which reveals the speed and forces going through a car in a crash, and the accelerometers fitted inside the driver’s earpiece measure the movement of the head in a crash.
This information is fed into the FIA World Accident Database (WADB), which brings together valuable data from accidents around the world of racing including karting, Formula 1, Rallying and Cross-Country. It enables researchers to study individual accident cases, and when considered collectively, the statistics generated identify frequent risk factors and lead research project direction.
This data is used in FIA Serious Accident Study Group (SASG) meetings, which is chaired by FIA President Jean Todt and involves the presidents of every FIA sporting commission, including Single-Seater, Rally, Touring Car, Karting, Drifting, Drag Racing, and Hill Climb. Also in attendance are the FIA Safety Department staff and sporting department heads.